War Two, or WWII, had many causes that led up to the war. Some of the
causes were the Treaty of Versailles, Japan, Hitler/Germany, and the League of Nations.
Each of the reasons had a hand in starting the second World War. The war
was a horrible time point in European history for it was mainly caused by the power hungry Hitler who wanted everything his
way or not at all.
The Treaty of Versailles
was a cause of the WWII because Germany felt
that the treat was unjust. The Treaty of Versailles stated, “Germany had to accept sole responsibility for starting
the war (World War I)…It (Germany) was required to pay huge reparations
to the Allies; to give up land to France, Poland, Belgium, and Denmark; to cede its colonies; to limit its army and navy to
small self-defense forces; to destroy military bases; and to promise not to manufacture or purchase armaments” (Goldfield
750). This showed that Germany was angry against the nations that came up with the treaty that put Germany in such hardship. Also Germany was put under control of Poland,
which further infuriated the Germaniums.
The Treaty of Versailles was the main cause of Germany
starting the war, but the countdown started with Japan in 1931. Japan started the
countdown to WWII, because it “…invaded and soon conquered
the northern Chinese province of Manchuria. Adding Manchuria to an empire that included Korea and
Taiwan emboldened Japan’s military. A full-scale
invasion of China followed in 1937... (and) Japanese nationalists believed that the United States, Britain, and France after the World War I had treated Japan unfairly,
despite its participation against Germany. They believed that Japan should expel
the French, British, Dutch, and Americans from Asia and create a Greater East
Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere…” (821). The Greater
East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was the Japanese plan to gain the control over the East Asia economy. The quote showed how the hatred of the Europeans and Americans started with little more than the hatred
left over from the Treaty of Versailles.
Hitler’s part, along with Germany’s part, in the start of the war started “…in
1936, when Hitler sent troops into the Rhineland, Germany’s border region with France that
had been demilitarized since 1918. The Reich (empire) absorbed German-speaking border district of Czechoslovakia know as the
Sudetenland” (821). This showed how power hungry Hitler really
was. The Nazi party and Hitler, who was the head of the party, believed, “(about)
German superiority. In the Nazi scheme, Germany and other northern European nations ranked above the Slavs of eastern Europe.
Special targets of the Nazi hatred were Jews, who were prominent in German business and professional; life but who
soon faced persecution aimed at driving them from the country” (821). The
quote showed another reason for the start of the war, the persecution of the Jewish, which many countries were against, and
fed the fuel on the fire towards the start of the war.
The war really started with the formation of the Rome-Berlin Axis in 1936. After the formation
of the Axis Hitler “…invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. Britain and France, Poland’s allies, declared
was on Germany but did nothing to stop the German war machine” (822). Also Germany attacked and invaded the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicans or the USSR (the Soviet Union) in 1941, which had signed a nonaggression pact in 1939 with Germany.
The League of Nations were also blamed for helping start the war because they were unable to keep the peace between
the countries. If the League had been able to do its job, the war would have
started later or not have happened at all. (Goldfield)
In conclusion, it was many different causes that started the war; no one thing can be completely blamed for the start
of the war. Each of the reason had their own hand in creating the horrible war
that caused such destruction in Europe and in the lives of the people that had been hurt during the war.
1) Goldfield, David. The American Journey: A History of the
States. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001.